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Ordering Obedience of the Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) in All Commands and Prohibitions

November 19, 2010

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

Allah the Exalted said,

وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا

(And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it).) (Surah Al-Hashr 59:7) meaning, `whatever the Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) commands you, then do it and whatever he forbids you, then avoid it. Surely, He only commands righteousness and forbids evil.’
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “Allah curses women who practice tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and the women who remove the hair from their eyebrows and faces and those who make artificial spaces between their teeth in order to look more beautiful, whereby changing Allah’s creation.” His statement reached a woman from Bani Asad called, Umm Ya`qub, who came to `Abdullah and said, “I have come to know that you have cursed such and such” He replied, “Why should I not curse those whom Allah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) has cursed and who are cursed in Allah’s Book!” Umm Ya`qub said, “I have read the whole Qur’an, but did not find in it what you say.” He said, “Verily, if you have read the Qur’an, you have found it. Didn’t you read,

وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا

(And whatsoever the Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) gives you take it and whatsoever he forbids you, you abstain (from it).)”(Surah Al-Hashr 59:7). She replied, “Yes, I did.” He said, “Verily, Allah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) forbade such things. ” “She said, “But I think that your wife does these things” He said, “Go and look at her.” She went and watched her, but could not see anything in support of her claim. She went back to `Abdullah bin Mas`ud and said that she did not notice anything on his wife. On that he said, “If my wife was as you thought, I would not keep her with me.” The Two Sahihs recorded this from the Hadith of Sufyan Ath-Thawri. As well as a Hadith of Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said,

«إِذَا أَمَرْتُكُمْ بِأَمْرٍ فَائْتُوا مِنْهُ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ، وَمَا نَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْهُ فَاجْتَنِبُوه»

(When I order you to do something, then do as much as you can of it. If I forbid something for you, then shun it.) (Sahih Al-Bhukhari)

Source: Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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