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Virtues of The First Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah

November 2, 2010

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
The month of Dhul Hijja is about to start in a few days. In order for us to benefit from this blessed month, we need to know its virtues according to the Sunnah of Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم).

1. Good deeds are more beloved to Allah

‏ ‏‏ النَّبِيِّ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ ‏مَا الْعَمَلُ فِي أَيَّامٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْهَا فِي هَذِهِ قَالُوا وَلَا الْجِهَادُ قَالَ وَلَا الْجِهَادُ إِلَّا رَجُلٌ خَرَجَ يُخَاطِرُ بِنَفْسِهِ وَمَالِهِ فَلَمْ يَرْجِعْ بِشَيْءٍ ‏

“There are no days during which good deeds are more beloved by Allaah than these (ten) days.” The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, was then asked: “Not even Jihaad in Allaah’s way?” He replied: “Not even Jihaad in Allaah’s way; except for a person who went out (for Jihaad) with his self and wealth and came back with none (i.e. lost all for Allaah).”[Bukhari 969]

Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) said,” It appears and Allah knows best that good deeds practiced during these ten days are superior to any other ten days during any other month” La’taif al Ma’rif

2. It’s recommended to be involved in a lot Thikr.

وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْلُومَاتٍ

And mention the Name of Allah on appointed days [ Surah Al-Hajj 22:28]

Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “The majority of the scholars view the appointed days as the ten days of Dhul Hijah.”

3. They are included in the days Allah appointed for Musa (peace and blessings be upon him)

وَوَاعَدْنَا مُوسَىٰ ثَلَاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقَاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً ۚ

And We appointed for Musa (Moses) thirty nights and added (to the period) ten (more), and he completed the term, appointed by his Lord, of forty nights [Surah Al-A’raf 7:142]

4. Allah completed His religion on the 9th

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا ۚ

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.[Surah Al-Ma’idah 5:3]

5. The sacrifice is done on the Eid and this is the Sunnah of Ibraheem (عليه السلام)

6. Allah frees slaves from the fire on Arafah more than any other day

أن رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ‏ ‏قَالَ ‏ ‏مَا مِنْ يَوْمٍ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ أَنْ يُعْتِقَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِيهِ عَبْدًا أَوْ أَمَةً مِنْ النَّارِ مِنْ يَوْمِ ‏ ‏عَرَفَةَ ‏ ‏وَإِنَّهُ ‏ ‏لَيَدْنُو ثُمَّ ‏ ‏ يُبَاهِي بِهِمْ الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَيَقُولُ مَا أَرَادَ هَؤُلَاءِ

The Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said, “There is no day on which Allah frees more of His slaves from Fire than the Day of Arafah, and He verily draws near, then boasts of them before the angles, saying: ‘What do they seek?’” (Sahih Muslim1348)

There is great virtue in Fasting on the 9th.

سئل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال: “أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التي قبله والسنة التي بعده”،

The Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) was asked about fasting on the Day of of Arafah. He said,” Fasting the day of `Arafah expiates the [minor] sins of two years: a past one and a coming one”. [Muslim 1162]

7. Eid Al-Adha is the 10th

8. These are the days for Hajj

لْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَعْلُومَاتٌ ۚ

The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:197]* the other days are Shawwal and Dhul Qa’idah

9 Allah swears by these days.

وَالْفَجْرِوَلَيَالٍ عَشْروَالشَّفْعِ وَالْوَتْرٍِ

1By the dawn;

2. By the ten nights (i.e. the first ten days of the month of Dhul Hijjah),

3. And by the even and the odd . [Surah Al-Fajr 89:1-3]

The Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said, “ The ten are the ten days of Dhul Hijjah and the odd is the Day of Arafah and the even is the Eid [ Ahmed 3/ 327 and Bazzar 2286] Ibn Rajab graded the isnad of this hadeeth as being Hasan.

Taken from La’taif al Ma’rif and Tafseer ibn Katheer
Translated and compiled by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle
Doha, Qatar 1430 ©
Source: Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle’s Site

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