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Prostration to Adam (عليه السلام) by The Angels And Prostration to Yusuf (عليه السلام ) by His Parents and Brothers in Greeting And Honoring Them by Shaykh Bin Baaz

October 2, 2010

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
The Qur’an states that Yusuf (peace be upon him) raised his parents to the throne, that is his father and his mother, not his maternal aunt. Allah (Glorified be He) says:

وَرَفَعَ أَبَوَيْهِ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ وَخَرُّوا لَهُ سُجَّدًا

And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate (Surah Yusuf 12:100) knowing that then prostration was Mubah (permissible) as a form of honoring and greeting, and not of worship. It is similar to the way the angels prostrated to Adam in honor and veneration, not in worship, of him. Here, prostration in greeting and honoring others was permissible in the Shari`ah (Islamic law) of those before us. However, this is forbidden in the Shari`ah of Muhammad (peace be upon him). Therefore, it was authentically reported that he (peace be upon him) said: If I were to order anyone to prostrate to a human, I would have ordered the wife to prostrate to her husband, for the magnitude of the rights he has on her. He also pointed out that prostration is due only to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He), and thus one should not prostrate except to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) also says in the end of Surah (Qur’anic chapter) Al-Najm (The Star):

فَاسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ وَاعْبُدُوا

So fall you down in prostration to Allah and worship Him (Alone) (Surah Al-Najm 53:62) and says in Surah Iqra’ (Read):

وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِب

Fall prostrate and draw near to Allah (Surah Al-‘Alaq 96:19).

Prostration is for Allah Alone, and the Shari’ah of Muhammad (peace be upon him) – the most perfect and complete Shari’ah – declared it impermissible to prostrate to other than Allah, neither in honor and greeting of others, nor in worship. As for worship, it is not permitted to anyone except Allah Alone in all laws. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents (Surah Al-Isra’ 17:23) and

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). (Surah Al-Dhariyat 51:56)

Thus, worship is the right of Allah Alone, at every time and place, while prostration was practiced as a form of greeting in the past, as Yusuf’s (Joseph) parents and brothers did to him, and as the angels did to Adam. Such was a form of greeting and honoring, not a form of worship. In the Shari`ah of Muhammad (peace be upon him), however, Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) forbade this, and ordered that prostration be done to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Alone. It is not permissible for a person to prostrate to anyone else, be they prophets or other than them. The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade the Companions to prostrate to him, and told them that prostration is due to Allah Alone (Glorified and Exalted be He). They learnt from this that all forms of worship should be done for the sake of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Alone, and the greatest and best form of worship is prostration, being a manifestation of humility and submissiveness to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). Hence, it should not be paid to no one else, either prophets, Jinn (creatures created from fire) or mankind or anything else. Indeed, Allah is the One sought for help.


One Comment
  1. oyaregba shaka permalink

    Quite an educative writ up. Jazakalahu khaira.

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